MANFAAT & BAHAYA SINAR X BAGI MANUSIA

MANFAAT & BAHAYA SINAR X BAGI MANUSIA

MANFAAT & BAHAYA SINAR X BAGI MANUSIA

Sinar X merupakan suatu bentuk radiasi elektromagnetik yang memiliki panjang gelombang sangat pendek yaitu berkisar antara 0,01 hingga 10 nanometer dan memiliki frekuensi antara 1016 hingga 1021 Hz. Hal inilah yang menyebabkan Sinar X mampu menembus tubuh manusia.

 

Manfaat Sinar X

  1. Untuk memastikan bagian dalam tubuh yang mengalami sakit;
  2. Untuk memantau perkembangan suatu jenis penyakit, misalnya osteoporosis, radang sendi, penyumbatan pembuluh darah, kanker tulang, tumor payudara, gangguan pencernaan, pembesaran jantung, berbagai jenis infeksi, kerusaka gigi, dan lain sebagainya; dan
  3. Untuk dapat melihat efek dari pengobatan medis yang telah dilakukan.

Bahaya Pemanfaatan Sinar X

  1. Paparan radiasi dosis tinggi selama jangka waktu tertentu dapat menyebabkan penyakit radiasi / sindrom radiasi akut (pingsan, kebingungan, mual, muntah, diare, kerontokan pada rambut, luka pada kulit dan mulut, serta terjadinya perdarahan);
  1. Efek jangka pendek (perubahan warna kulit, mual, muntah, diare, dan jumlah sel darah rendah);
  2. Efek jangka panjang (mulut kering, kesulitan menelan, katarak, dan kerusakan pada kulit);
  3. Melemahkan tulang;
  4. Menyebabkan gangguan anemia aplastik (kondisi kesehatan dimana tubuh berhenti dalam memproduksi sel darah yang baru);
  5. Infertilitas;
  6. Pada wanita hamil (resiko semua jenis kanker, tumor sistem saraf, dan leukemia pada janin saat ia telah lahir nantinya);
  7. Rusaknya kelenjar tiroid;
  8. Meningkatkan resiko terjangkitnya kanker;
  9. Meningkatkan resiko kerusakan genetik; dan
  10. Membunuh sel-sel dalam tubuh (baik sel kanker maupun sel sehat).

Meminimalkan Risiko Bahaya Sinar X

  1. Pemanfaatanhanya untuk situasi darurat;
  2. Hindari pemanfaatan untuk wanita yang sedang hamil;
  3. Gunakan perisai pelindung saat sedang dlakukan penyinaran Sinar X;
  4. Meminimalkan waktu paparan; dan
  5. Pengaturan jarak antara tubuh dan sumber radiasi dua kali lipat.

Demikianlah manfaat dan bahaya Sinar Xbagi manusia.

Semoga bermanfaat.

 

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